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Radioactivity and radioactive dating

The creationist "argon escape" theory does not support their young earth model.) The argon age determination of the mineral can be confirmed by measuring the loss of potassium.In old rocks, there will be less potassium present than was required to form the mineral, because some of it has been transmuted to argon.The decrease in the amount of potassium required to form the original mineral has consistently confirmed the age as determined by the amount of argon formed.Carbon-14 dating: See Carbon 14 Dating in this web site.Radioactive elements "decay" (that is, change into other elements) by "half lives." If a half life is equal to one year, then one half of the radioactive element will have decayed in the first year after the mineral was formed; one half of the remainder will decay in the next year (leaving one-fourth remaining), and so forth.

In addition, it is not formed as the result of a radioactive decay process.Any argon present in a mineral containing potassium-40 must have been formed as the result of radioactive decay.F, the fraction of K40 remaining, is equal to the amount of potassium-40 in the sample, divided by the sum of potassium-40 in the sample plus the calculated amount of potassium required to produce the amount of argon found. In spite of the fact that it is a gas, the argon is trapped in the mineral and can't escape.The two curves cross each other at half life = 1.00.At this point the fraction of Rb87 = Sr87 = 0.500; at half life = 2.00, Rb87 = 25% and Sr87 = 75%, and so on. 131, Strahler, Science and Earth History: Points are taken from these curves and a plot of fraction Sr-87/Sr-86 (as ordinate) vs. It turns out to be a straight line with a slope of -1.00.

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Rubidium-Strontium dating: The nuclide rubidium-87 decays, with a half life of 48.8 billion years, to strontium-87.

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