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CATEGORY: related field DEFINITION: The study of the history, language, and antiquities of ancient Assyria and Babylonia in northern Mesopotamia, principally through cuneiform lists.
The site gives its name to a stone industry and pottery type, but they are widely separated periods.
This is a consequence of contact between cultures, usually with one being dominant, and is a process by which a group takes on the lifeways, institutions, and technology of another group.
There are two major types of acculturation: free borrowing where one society selects elements of another culture that they integrate in their own way, and directed change, where one group establishes dominance through military conquest or political control.
SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronostratigraphic scale CATEGORY: artifact DEFINITION: A time scale in which the sequence of geologic-time units and their corresponding time-rock divisions ( chronostratigraphic units) are defined by standard and internationally agreed reference points within boundary stratotypes.
CATEGORY: chronology DEFINITION: A series of periods of time in the history of a particular culture, each characterized by recognizably different material remains.