Equity and welfarism accommodating political commit
Candidate metrics include resources, income, wealth, welfare, or capabilities to perform certain functions.
The obligation to pursue equality along some such dimension makes (3) fully egalitarian in the contemporary sense of the term.
The United States Declaration of Independence famously states that “all men are created equal.” Jeremy Bentham’s dictum “each to count for one, none to count for more than one,” is another expression of the descriptive thesis.
While the conditions in which people live, their wealth and income, their abilities, their satisfaction, and their life prospects may radically differ, they are all morally equal.
The egalitarian thesis addresses more than the moral worth of persons.
It expresses an obligation to pursue distributive equality. But along which dimension ought we pursue greater equality?
Distributive justice is another form of egalitarianism that addresses life outcomes and the allocation of valuable things such as income, wealth, and other goods.
(3) is even stronger than (2), because it is not only committed to treating people equally, but ensuring that people have equal amounts of some important good.In moral and political deliberation, each person deserves equal concern. If all persons are equal in this way, then some forms of unequal treatment must be unjust.The descriptive thesis, applied within a particular state, at least entails equal rights and equal standing.At least in terms of basic political rights, discrimination on the basis of gender, ethnicity, and caste is prohibited.Many would also extend these to commerce and the wider public sphere: businesses should not be able to refuse service on the basis of race, gender, or sexual orientation.
As a view within political philosophy, egalitarianism has to do both with how people are treated and with distributive justice.