Dating definition dictionary msn encarta

Posted by / 21-Dec-2017 06:06

Dating definition dictionary msn encarta

Before the introduction of Christmas, each year beginning on December 17 Romans honored Saturn, the ancient god of agriculture, in a festival called Saturnalia.

During the Saturnalia the Romans presented their emperor and each other with tokens of good luck, called strenae." [Merit Students Encyclopedia. p470.] "The sending of gifts had its origin in the Yule gifts of northern countries of Europe and ancient Rome." [Webster's Unified Dictionary and Encyclopedia. p361.] ------------------------------------- "Scholars believe that the festival is derived in part from rites held by pre-Christian Germanic and Celtic peoples to celebrate the winter solstice.The uncertainty that existed at the beginning of the third century in the minds of Hippolytus and others—Hippolytus earlier favored Jan. 21) "the 25th day of Pachon" (= May 20), while others, according to Clement, fixed upon Apr. 28—proves that no Christmas festival had been established much before the middle of the century. 6 was earlier fixed upon as the date of the baptism or spiritual birth of Christ, and the feast of Epiphany …was celebrated by the Basilidian Gnostics in the second century … Copyright 1909 by Funk & Wagnalls Company, New York ----------------------------- "Christmas was not among the earliest festivals of the Church..first evidence of the feast is from Egypt." "Pagan customs centering around the January calendars gravitated to Christmas." "...The custom of decorating houses with mistletoe probably came from its use as a ceremonial plant by early Europeans." [The World Book Encyclopedia. p528.]"In ancient Rome, people used decorative wreaths as a sign of victory and celebration.The custom of hanging a Christmas wreath on the front door of the home probably came from this practice." [The World Book Encyclopedia. p535.] "In the West it [Christmas] has been celebrated on 25 Dec since 336 AD, partly in order to replace the non-Christian sun worship on the same date." [Mac Millan Compact Encyclopedia. p122.] ------------------------ "The practice of celebrating Christmas on 25 December began in the Western Church early in the 4th-c; it was a Christian substitute for the pagan festival held on that date to celebrate the birth of the unconquered sun." [The Cambridge Encyclopedia. p257.] "When Christianity spread northwards it encountered a similar pagan festival [to Saturnalia], also held at the winter solstice, the great Yule-feast of the Norsemen. From these various sources come the Yule log, the Christmas tree, introduced into England from Germany and first mentioned in 1789, the decorating of houses with mistletoe and holly and churches with evergreens, especially holly and ivy, as well as the provision of a feast." [Chambers's Encyclopædia. p538.] --------------------------------------- "The observance of December 25 [as a Christian festival] only dates from the fourth century and is due to assimilation with the Mithraic festival of the birth of the sun" (World Popular Encyclopedia, Volume 3).

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In the fifth century the Western Church ordered it to be celebrated forever ON THE DAY OF THE OLD ROMAN FEAST OF THE BIRTH OF SOL [SUN], as no certain knowledge of the day of Christ's birth existed." Emphasis added.

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