The foreign policy of the United States is the way in which it interacts with foreign nations and sets standards of interaction for its organizations, corporations and system citizens of the United States.
The officially stated goals of the foreign policy of the United States, including all the Bureaus and Offices in the United States Department of State, as mentioned in the Foreign Policy Agenda of the Department of State, are "to build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world for the benefit of the American people and the international community." In addition, the United States House Committee on Foreign Affairs states as some of its jurisdictional goals: "export controls, including nonproliferation of nuclear technology and nuclear hardware; measures to foster commercial interaction with foreign nations and to safeguard American business abroad; international commodity agreements; international education; and protection of American citizens abroad and expatriation." Subject to the advice and consent role of the U. Senate, the President of the United States negotiates treaties with foreign nations, but treaties enter into force if ratified by two-thirds of the Senate.
The United States Secretary of State acts similarly to a foreign minister and under Executive leadership is the primary conductor of state-to-state diplomacy. Congress is the only branch of government that has the authority to declare war.
Furthermore, Congress writes the civilian and military budget, thus has vast power in military action and foreign aid. foreign policy since the American Revolution is the shift from non-interventionism before and after World War I, to its growth as a world power and global hegemony during and since World War II and the end of the Cold War in the 20th century.
Congress also has power to regulate commerce with foreign nations. Foreign policy themes were expressed considerably in George Washington's farewell address; these included among other things, observing good faith and justice towards all nations and cultivating peace and harmony with all, excluding both "inveterate antipathies against particular nations, and passionate attachments for others", "steer[ing] clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world", and advocating trade with all nations.
These policies became the basis of the Federalist Party in the 1790s. did not sign another permanent treaty until the North Atlantic Treaty in 1949.
The President is also Commander in Chief of the United States Armed Forces, and as such has broad authority over the armed forces.
Both the Secretary of State and ambassadors are appointed by the President, with the advice and consent of the Senate. Constitution gives much of the foreign policy decision-making to the presidency, but the Senate has a role in ratifying treaties, and the Supreme Court interprets treaties when cases are presented to it.
This period lasted until almost the end of the 20th century and is thought to be both an ideological and power struggle between the two superpowers.
The United States adopted a non-interventionist foreign policy from 1932 to 1938, but then President Franklin D.
Roosevelt moved toward strong support of the Allies in their wars against Germany and Japan.
However, Japan reacted by an attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941, and the United States was at war with Japan, Germany, and Italy.
Instead of the loans given to allies in World War I, the United States provided Lend-Lease grants of ,000,000,000.
Jeffersonians vigorously opposed a large standing army and any navy until attacks against American shipping by Barbary corsairs spurred the country into developing a naval force projection capability, resulting in the First Barbary War in 1801.